Background

Since the establishment of Armenia as an independent state, the Government has allocated much effort to privatisation of land and buildings. Securing private ownership to property and establishing a functioning market in privatised property, with opportunities to use property as security for loans, is regarded as a fundamental issue for social and economic development.

Privatisation is largely completed, but the location of parcels boundaries is poorly documented, because of lack of appropriate maps. Only old maps from the Soviet time are still available, being outdated and largely not reflecting the current situation on the ground. This is causing significant problems to real estate registration, as well as to land use planning, to improvements to infrastructure, to construction and to sustainable land management, to name some issues in need of up-to-date maps. As it is the case for many new states of former Soviet Union, Armenia has not been able to establish domestic capacity for production of maps, and depends on bringing in foreign companies. 

Technology is rapidly changing to use of satellite based solutions (GPS) for all sorts of surveying and mapping, making surveying cheaper and more accurate than with old conventional methods. Countries throughout Europe have established networks of terrestrial reference stations for improving the quality of GPS signals, which facilitate field surveying of parcel boundaries with satisfactory accuracy. For financial reasons, Armenia has not yet been able to establish the network, and depends therefore still on old surveying methods.

Securing land ownership and sustainable land management are key issues for social and economic development of Armenia. Up-to-date geographic information is needed for this.  Preparing new maps and establishing the services for use of satellite based surveying methods are therefore prioritized issues for the Government of Armenia.

Project aims and objective

The creation of a well-functioning and transparent registration system for securing land ownership and supporting financing and lending through the use of real property as security for loans was the overall objective of the project.
An additional objective of the project is the preparation of updated property maps and maps for planning and development.

Activities

  1. Establishment of a network of reference stations ARMPOS – a service for satellite-based surveying and positioning. 
  2. Production of up-to-date photo maps for prioritised urban and rural areas of Armenia. (ARMAP)
    The project will include a public awareness campaign for the two components.